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Child Development Milestones: From Baby To 5 Years

11 May 2018

At some point of a child’s development, parents are concerned whether their child is on the right track or not. Some babies start crawling earlier than others; some start walking as early as 10 months old; some are more skilled at eating, drinking and talking. Every child is special and unique. No two child are the same. They grow, develop, and learn at different paces, but they evolve in a predictable manner. The child development milestones covered in this article are just some of the indicators (or phases) that a child normally goes through.


If you have any doubts about your child’s development, growth and learning, always consult a specialist. It is crucial to identify developmental issues (and concerns) in advance, as early interventions can be hugely beneficial.


This article is prepared in collaboration with experts to enable parents to familiarise with key milestones, and keep a good track of your babies/child’s progress. 


New born

Congratulations!


3 Months

  • Able to follow movements by turning his/her head
  • Able to raise the head and chest while lying on their face
  • Easily moves arms and legs
  • Cries, laughs and mutters
  • Silent to familiar sounds and behaviours


6 Months

  • Able to roll back to front and front to back (i.e. both directions)
  • Can tell the difference between familiar faces and strangers
  • Babbles and mutters more frequently (and fluently)
  • Able to use hands and mouth to explore the world


9 Months

  • Able to sit more securely without having to use hands to support themselves
  • Starts to crawl or bottom shuffle
  • Able to hold two objects at the same time
  • Reacts (and may respond) when they hear their name
  • Express their feelings by laughing, crying and pointing


12 Months

  • Starts to pull themselves onto something furniture
  • Able to walk holding on to a furniture
  • Starts to mimic and use gestures, e.g., shake head to say no.
  • Say mum and dad
  • Can tell the difference between people or toys
  • Able to place objects into a box, and take them out too


Caution: If your baby is unable to perform some of these tasks, does not point at objects (or people), mimic and use gestures, we recommend you to seek professional advice from your doctor.


18 Months

  • Able to walk and make an effort to run (often topples at first)
  • Say 3 or more words. Don’t expect them to make a sentence.
  • New things are tested when familiar adults are around
  • Show parts of the body
  • Holds a crayon and manages first scribbles
  • Has interest in other kids


Caution: If your child is still not able to say mum or dad by the time they get to month 16, you may need to seek an expert opinion.


2 Years

  • Able to throw a ball and kick a large ball with coordination and force
  • Climbs stairs holding onto side rails
  • Points to objects that are said loud or show a picture in a book
  • Able to chat by mixing 2-3 words
  • Can build a tower with three or more blocks


Caution: If your child is unable to create a sentence using two words then seek professional advice.


3 Years

  • Runs and climbs comfortably
  • Can build a tower with six or more blocks
  • Able to make a 3 word sentence
  • Have interest in other people
  • Complete 3-4 piece puzzles


4 Years

  • Able to catch a ball
  • Tells story and remembers certain sections of a story told (read) by someone else
  • Plays with other children
  • Interacts with other children
  • Able to understand (or differentiate) various concepts
  • Can follow 2-3 step instructions
  • Regularly asks “why”


5 Years

  • Can jump
  • Talks clearly using 5 or more words
  • Can count up to 10 objects
  • Can draw at least 6 body parts
  • Will want to please friends
  • May want to be like friends





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